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Two total eclipses in America, also visible in Europe, and three meteor showers are part of the astronomical events not to be missed in 2019. Today we tell you the events of the first semester.
January 4 - Quadrantid Meteor Shower
About 120 meteors / h are forecast for this year for six hours around 2:30, Universal Time (UT). This schedule favors Europe, North Africa, and Far West Asia. Observers located in other parts of the world can expect about 25 meteors to enter the atmosphere per hour, notes the American Meteorite Society.
During the quadrantid shower, the Earth perpendicularly passes through a thin stream of particles that originate from an asteroid rather than a comet: asteroid 2003 EH1.
Asteroid 2003 EH1 takes 552 years to orbit the sun at a time. It's possible that the 2003 EH is a "dead comet" or a new type of object discussed by astronomers, sometimes called a "rock comet," the Society notes.
January 6 - Partial Solar Eclipse
A partial solar eclipse will occur on January 6 at 1:42 a.m. international time (UT). It will be visible in parts of Asia and the North Pacific.
January 21 - Great Total Super Moon Eclipse
A splendid total lunar super eclipse will be visible on the night of January 20-21, 2019 across America. Part of the cosmic event will be visible in Europe and Africa.
It will be extraordinary because of the wide visibility throughout the American continent; It is also accompanied by a Super Moon phenomenon. It looks bigger than usual because it coincides with the perigee or transit closest to Earth, just 359,000 km from Earth.
The Sun, Earth and Moon will be aligned. On one side the Sun begins to transit the constellation Capricorn, and on the other the Moon in the opposite constellation, Cancer.
The total eclipse with the red and dark Moon - Blood Moon - will be appreciated for 1 hour and 24 minutes.
- UTC time - between 3:29 and 4:53 hours
- Europe time - between 4:29 and 5:53
- Chile and Argentina time - between 0:29 and 1:53
- Mexico time - between 21:29 and 22:53
The climax is at 5:13 a.m. UTC; 4:13 in Europe; 0:13 in Chile and Argentina and 22:13 in Mexico.
The duration of the lunar penumbra, before and after the eclipse, will last between 2:36 and 7:48. UTC time.
The dark and red Moon will be seen throughout America and partly in Europe and Africa.
May 6 - Eta Aquarids Star Rain
The spectacular shower of shooting stars Eta Acuáridas prepares for its gala nights from May 5 to 6. This year NASA is forecasting 60 meteors per hour.
The Eta Aquarids are the remains of the tail of thecomet 1P / Halley, And according to NASA astronomers, the Earth passes between them between April 10 and May 28, althoughe are the first two weeks of that month that are most interesting.
Its dust grains are very fast. They travel at 66 kilometers per hour and are capable of producing real balls of light in the sky when they collide with our atmosphere.
With information from: